(Swarna Jayanthi Shahari Rozgar Yojana) has been implemented since the first of
December, 1997. The main objective of the Scheme is to improve the economic status of people who come under the
'below poverty line' (BPL).
There are five units under the SJSRY scheme namely
1) Self Employment Programmes (S.E.P.) : Under this scheme the beneficiary should come under the 'below poverty line' and his age should between 18 and 45 years. His educational qualification should not be less than 9th standard. He should not be a defaulter in any scheme and in any banks. The beneficiaries can select a trade of his interest. The cost project undertaken should be within Rs.50,000/-. The Subsidy is 15% and a marginal amount of 5% should be invested by the beneficiary. remaining 80% of the amount will be provided as loan to the concerned beneficiary through banks.
While selecting the beneficiaries, 16.5% of the S.C.Category, 4.5% of the S.T.Category, 3 % of the PHP and 30 % of the women category should be selected. Preference should be given to the minorities.
2) Development of Women and Children in Urban areas (DWACUA): Under this scheme, a minimum of 10 members and a maximum 20 members together can manufacture any kind of product which has public demand. The priority should be given to women groups. If necessary training facility will be provided to such groups. The maximum cost of the project undertaken is Rs.2.50 lakhs out of which 50% is given as subsidy and remaining 50% of the amount will be provided as a bank loan through nationalised banks.
The statements of transactions like the production, sales and profit and voucher of the manufacturing unit thus established, must be recorded in prescribed proforma in registers supplied by the Director of Municipal Administration who is the implementing authority.
Urban wages employment
This scheme is implemented in slum areas and in the areas where most of the
people come below the poverty line. This
scheme includes activities like sanitation, development programmes like
improvement of drainage, roads, water supply, community toilets, community bath
rooms and providing proper street light facilities.
To carry out the above mentioned works, persons who come from BPL
families should be engaged. Works should not be entrusted to either contractor
and any other agency. The payment towards the development works should be made as
60% for material costs and 40% for labour charges. Thus
this scheme not only ensures that an asset is created but also generates
employment among the BPL families
Training Infrastructure Component (T.I.C.):
The unemployed members of BPL families are eligible to benefit from this scheme
which aims to improve their economic status by training them in any trade of
their interest. The age of the
trainee should be between 18 and 45 years.
The family income of the trainee should not exceed Rs.23,124/-.
Duration of training is 6 months or 300 hours. During the period of training the trainee will be paid
Rs.100/- per month as a stipend, and Rs.130/- will be paid as a capital towards
purchase of raw materials. A sum of Rs.100/-
per month will be paid to the concerned trainer or the institution which
provides training facility. While
selecting the trainers, priority is given to the candidates trained under the
5) Community Structure Component (C.S.C.): The main intention of this scheme is to create awareness in the people of BPL families and slum area families regarding education, health and to improve their economic status in society with the help of facilities provided by the Government. The health department conducts health camps and family planning camps to create awareness regarding maintaining of health and family planning among the BPL families and slum area families.
Under this scheme, the block education officer from the education department conducts seminars to create awareness among parents belonging to BPL families who send their children to school, and persuade those parents who do not admit their children to schools. They also encourage the activities of the children of the anganavadi centres. The main object of this scheme is to educate the persons coming from BPL families and slum families to improve their socio economic status in society.
Implementation of SJSRY
The implementation of the SJSRY Schemes requires that a committee be formed such as the Neighborhood Group(NHG) which comprises of members belonging to BPL families, and NHC-Neighbourhood Committee and Community Development Society(CDS)
In the NHG about 10-20 families are formed into a group. One of them is chosen as the leader of the group. The leader is called Resident Community Volunteer(RSV). A group of 8-10 such RSVs are formed into a Neighbourhood Commity(NHC). A group of NHCs are called the Community Development Society(CDS). The president and Chief Officer of this community operate a Joint account for the sake of all transactions.
Through NHC, all the development works regarding a BPL and slum area and selection of beneficiaries are carried out.
The selection of the works and creation of the beneficiary list is approved in the CDS community. The proposal of the CDS committee is submitted to the District Committee.
The District Committee comprises of the following members:
For the implementation of these schemes, a planning officer (PO) and a Community Organiser(CO) are appointed. The educational qualification required for these personnel is a degree in sociology. These officers are required to play a key role in the selection of beneficiaries, supervision of the implementation of projects and all other activities concerned with the scheme.