WCWD

Mandya Website

Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS)

Introduction

             Integrated Child Development Services “ICDS” was introduced under the “Minimum Needs” Program of GOVERNMENT OF INDIA in 1975 under the National Policy for children declaring children as “Supreme Important Asset” and promises to provide adequate services to children throughout the period of growth before and after birth to ensure their full PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT.

With the Program Objective to:

 ·         Improve the Nutritional and Health Status of Children in the age group of 0 – 6   Years.

 ·         Reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout.

 ·         Lay foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the   Child.

 ·         Enhance the capabilities of the mothers to look after the health and nutritional    Needs of the child through proper Nutrition and Health Education.

 ·         Achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various Departments to promote child development.

 The Integrated Services/Components include:

 ·         Supplementary Nutrition

 ·         Health Check-up

 ·         Primary Health Care/Referral Services

 ·         Immunization

 ·         Nutrition and Health Education

 ·         Non-Formal Pre-school Education

Collaborating Agencies are:

 - Government of India

 - State Government

 - UNICEF

– NIPCCD  

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            The program of ICDS in Karnataka was introduced in the year 1975 as pilot project.  After realizing the success of the program today it is functioning in all the 175 taluks of the state in phased manner.

            Presently all the 7 taluks of Mandya District is under ICDS with 1655 Anganwadis functional.  The present status of ICDS in the District is furnished below:

1) Total Population of the Dist.                                    :  16,44,374 (1991 census)

2) Population of children below 6 years                :  83,400 (As on 1.4.2001)

3) No.of Pregnant & Nursing mothers                        :  16,941 (As on 1.4.2001)

4) No.of children provided pre-school education  :  46,002 (As on 1.4.2001)

5) No.of children,                                                  : 85616(0-6 yrs )(As on 1.6.2001)

    pregnant & nursing                                            :8179 (Pregnant)

    mothers provided supplementary                      :8570 (Nursing)

    nutrition.                                                       

6) Immunization status                                       :   100 %

7) Health check up conducted by Doctors            :   About 90%

8) IMR of the District                                      :   22 (Approx.)

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Information on Destitute Children Homes in the District.

1. No.of Cottages available               : 5

2. Facilities available                        : Food, Shelter, Clothing and Education for 100 children.

3. Criteria for admission                     : Do not have both father and mother or single parent.

4. Location of Destitute Homes   :

                                                1) Sri Bakthinatha Anathalaya

                                                    Sri Adichunchanagiri Samsthe

                                                    Bellur, Nagamangala Taluk.

                                                    Mandya District.

                                                    Ph. 87333, 87444, 87570

                                                    Contact Person: Sri Kantharaju

 

                                                2) St.Thomas Mission Society

                                                    Guthal, Mandya District.

                                                    Ph. 25462

                                                    Contact person: Joseph

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STREE -  SHAKTI

P R O J E C T

 

            Hon’ble Chief Minister in his budget speech for the year 2000-01, has declared a programme for rural women called “Stree–Shakti “ under State Sector to be implemented during the current year with a view to give special impetus to the empowerment of rural women through self help groups.  One lakh Self-Help Groups will be formed under this scheme to organise rural women at village level.

 

Objectives of the Scheme:

1. To strengthen the process that promotes economic development of women and create an environment for social change.

2. To form ONE lakh Self Help Women groups during 2000-01 based on thrift and credit which builds self reliance and provide them greater access to and control over resources.

3. Creating self-confidence in rural women and making them self-reliant.

4. Enhancing financial stability in rural women through indulging them in income generating activities, thereby contributing to poverty alleviation.

5. Providing opportunities to the members of the groups to avail the benefits of other Departmental schemes by converging the services of various departments and lending institutions to ensure women’s access to credit financing.

Scope of the Project:

            Stree-Shakti will be implemented in the limits of Anganwadi Centres of all 7 taluks of the District. Since Swarna Jayanthi Rojgar Scheme is being implemented in Urban areas, Stree-Shakti is limited to only rural areas.  The detail of self help groups (SHGS) to be formed with sanctioned number of anganwadi centres is as follows :-

 

District      No.of AWCs      No.of SHGs to         I Phase         II Phase

      Sanctioned         be formed      

 

Mandya             1655                   4500                    2250              2250

 

 

 

Outlines of the Project:

            Each Anganwadi Worker working in rural areas will form 3 SHGs in the limits of her centre.

            The Director, Women and Child Development will monitor the scheme at State level.  The Assistant Director, Women and Child Development Project Officer is entrusted with the responsibility of implementing and monitoring the scheme at taluk level.

            Steering Committee at State Level and Review Committees at District level are constituted for effective implementation of the scheme.

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Strategies of the Project:

Self Help Groups could be strengthened and made more effective through forming homogenous groups.  Hence, the following points will be observed while forming groups;

             a) Rural Women living below poverty line

             b) Literacy level of women

             c) Landless agricultural women labourers

             d) Women belonging to SC/STs

             e) Families having persons addicted to alcohol or drugs.

 Empowerment of Groups:

            The Anganwadi Workers, supervisors and ACDPOs will extend help and co-operation to the group’s upto 6 months after formation and only monitor the activities after 6 months.  After that, the group leaders are expected to carry out the activities on their own.  If they are not able, they have to employ persons for this persons from outside, and payment has to be made from their own savings.  After 6 months, the groups will be made to take up internal credit activities on small scale and open bank accounts compulsorily.

 

Revolving Fund:

            An amount of Rs.5000/- per group is provided as Revolving Fund from government end.  The group members will take up credit activities by making use of Revolving Fund and their savings.  The CDPO, ACDPO, Supervisors and Anganwadi Workers will keep constant vigil over the proper repayment of loan and other probable misappropriation of group fund.

Material Development:

            Anganwadi Workers, supervisors and trainers will be provided with materials giving details about group formation and their management.

Providing Kits:

Each group will be given a Kit worth Rs. 500/- consisting some useful materials/instruments at the beginning. 

Linkages to Banks:

            Proper action will be taken to provide linkages to the local banks even during the formation of groups.  The groups have to invest their savings in the banks.  Members will get loans out of their own savings in the beginning, and on evaluating the repayment mode, banks will arrange for further loans.

            Rastriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) and NABARD will extend financial assistance to SHGs and action will be taken to avail this benefit.

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Incentive to Anganwadi Workers:

            Each Anganwadi worker will be given an incentive of Rs.50 /- per month for each group formation for 6 months.  Anganwadi workers will be given Rs. 50 /- per month after six months for monitoring works.

            Supervisors will have to spare a minimum of 20 days under this scheme.

 Impact of the Scheme:

            1) State wide about 15-20 lakhs poor rural women will be organised in one lakhs Self Help Groups for women empowerment.

2) Since the entire scheme rests in SHGs and these SHGs are centered around the individual savings of the members, the members will develop the habit of saving.

3) An amount of Rs. 72.00 crores is expected to evolve as savings from 15-20 lakhs members in one year.

4) Poverty Alleviation is achieved through financial self-reliance in rural women as the groups are linked to financial institutions to ensure women access to various types of credit.

            5) A revolutionary growth in the organisation of rural women is possible as the concept of SHG provides self confidence which ensures control over resources.

            6) Through organised women folk, the delivery mechanisms could be strengthened to achieve poverty alleviation at village level.

7) A suitable and powerful forum is prepared for rural women to solve their social and economic problems by themselves.

As on July 2001 there are 2526 groups are formed and 2484 SHG’s have opened their bank accounts.  A sum of Rs. 1.032 crores are saved through the group members contribution.  Nearly 0.42 lakhs women have become the members of each SHGs in the District.

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