The district receives an average annual rainfall of 700 millimeters. The climate of the district comprises of moderate summers (Maximum 35 degree Celsius) and moderate winters (Minimum 20 degree Celsius).
The District lies between 76° 19′ and 77° 20′ East Longitude and 12° 13′ and 13° 04′ North Latitude. It is bounded on the North by Hassan and Tumkur Districts on the East, by Tumkur and Bangalore Districts on the South by Mysore and on the West by the districts of Hassan and Mysore.
Mandya district comprises of 7 taluks. The total geographical area of the district is 4,98,244 Hectares, out of which 2,53,067 Hectares forms the sown area. More than half of the total land area in the district is put to agricultural use. 94,779 Hectares of land is irrigated. With a total population of 19.25 lakhs, around 5 lakh people are employed in the Agriculture Sector.
The district headquarters is Mandya city, which is located on the Bangalore-Mysore Highway. Mandya city is around 100 Kilometres away from Bangalore City and Mysore city is around 40 Kilometres away from Mandya city. The other towns of the district are Maddur, Malavalli, Srirangapatna, Nagamangala, Krishnaraj Pete and Pandavapura.
Mandya city is well connected by road and rail. All trains between Bangalore and Mysore pass through Maddur, Mandya, Pandavapura and Srirangapatna. The nearest airport is Bangalore city, which is around two hours drive by road.