Mandya District is one of the most agriculturally prosperous districts in Karnataka. With the advent of irrigation from the K.R. Sagar reservoir (During 1930’s), there was substantially marked transformation in cropping pattern, composition of crops, better grown yield level, ultimately leading to better economic conditions of the people.

The total geographical area of the district is 4,98,244 Hectares, out of which 2,48,825 Hectares forms the sown area. More than half of the total land area in the district is put to agricultural use. The total irrigated area is 1,16,901 Hectares out of which around 88,000 hectares is being irrigated by K.R.Sagar and around 16,000 by Hemavathi reservoir. The rest of the land is irrigated by other sources like tanks, wells and borewells.